Common Myths About Dyslexia
1. Dyslexia is rare
The National Institute of Child Health and Development After studying over 34,000 children and adults
“The magic of this effortless journey into the world of reading is available to only about 5% of our nation’s children. It is suggested in the research that another 20% to 30% learn to read relatively easily once exposed to formal instruction, and it seems that youngsters in this group learn to read in any classroom, with any instructional emphasis. ….
Unfortunately, for about 60% of our nation’s children, learning to read is a much more formidable challenge, and for at least 20% to 30% of these youngsters, reading is one of the most difficult tasks that they will have to master throughout their schooling.” Dr. Reid Lyon
Dr. Reid Lyon, Children of the Code, with George Bush (left) and Laura Bush (right).
2. People with dyslexia lack intelligence
Dyslexia is not an intellectual disability, since dyslexia and IQ are not interrelated, as a result of cognition developing independently. Ferrer E. Shaywitz, BA, Holahan, JM, Marchione, K. Shawitz, SE. January 2010 Psychol. Sci.)
Many individuals who have dyslexia are bright and creative, and have accomplished amazing things.
3. People with Dyslexia see words and letters backwards.
One of the most enduring misconceptions is that dyslexic children see words and letters backwards. Sally Shaywitz
Dyslexia is a language processing disorder that can hinder a person's ability to read, write, spell and sometimes speak. The official definition adopted by the National Institute of Health, 2002, is:
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.